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Hydrogen Peroxide Hair Damage: The Ultimate Guide To All Of Your Queries

Hydrogen Peroxide Hair Damage

When it comes to changing the hair look – hydrogen peroxide is the most common ingredient used in salons to lighten the hair. It is an oxidizing chemical used in the hair as a bleaching agent for many hair dyes and lightening treatments. It can change the natural pigment of your hair along with other chemicals like lead acetates, ammonia, and paraphenylenediamine. Hydrogen peroxide gives you permanent hair dye which means it’ll only go away as your new hair grows. For instance, hydrogen peroxide on black hair strips the dark black color by penetrating the cortex and breaking the melanin pigment inside. It causes a lightning effect on your hair, yet it’s the most common reason for hydrogen peroxide hair damage. 

Although hydrogen peroxide can suck natural pigment out of your hair to lighten up the color, it’s not spectacular when it comes to maintaining your hair’s integrity and health. It wears away your strand and leads to breakage, uncontrollable frizz, dryness, rough texture, and split ends. Let’s discuss further how it can damage your hair!

Does hydrogen peroxide “actually” damages hair and scalp?

Hydrogen peroxide enters deep into your hair shaft to strip the natural shade out, but it can eventually destroy your hair bonds. It pickups up the cuticle by breaking down many nutrients and proteins in the scalp and renders your hair cuticle “dead.” Therefore, it can cause severe hair damage that can be noticed in many appalling symptoms – from chronic dryness to drastic hair fall! So, hydrogen peroxide is the main reason why your hair feels barren and straw-like every time you dye them. Moreover, the cuticle damage can enhance your hair’s porosity, making it challenging to keep any moisture. 

How hydrogen peroxide damages your hair and scalp?

Hydrogen peroxide hair damage can not only give you roughness and dryness, but it leads to other more severe complications! So, it can help if you consider these factors before risking your hair health by using hydrogen peroxide. Let’s have a look at these complications!

Hydrogen Peroxide Hair Damage

Hair breakage

Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidative hair dye that causes a chemical reaction to generate a new hair color in the hair cortex. It breaks apart the proteins in the scalp that keep your hair intact, thick, and fortified. Moreover, it leads to dehydration in your hair that doesn’t go away no matter how much you try to rehydrate it. Further, hydrogen peroxide produces oxidative stress on your hair, making them weak, fragile, and easily breaking off. All this leads to premature balding, split ends, and a lot of hair fall. Moreover, the hair cuticle becomes so porous and can easily break off and leading to hair loss!

Burning sensations in the scalp

It’s not only your hair suffer from hydrogen peroxide – your scalp can be a victim of it too! While dying your hair with hydrogen peroxide, you may feel burning and itching sensations in your scalp and around your hairline. As hydrogen peroxide comes with super potent intensity, it can be itchy and irritating on sensitive skin. Moreover, it leads to chemical burns on your scalp area that can be hurting and painful. Also, it causes your skin to rupture and your hair to fall out faster. You can prevent burning sensations and irritation by applying petroleum jelly to your hairline. Besides this, remember to keep hydrogen peroxide in your hair for a minimal time as possible. 

Hair cuticle becomes blemish

The cuticle is the outer cellular covering of your hair that strengthens and helps protect it. Hydrogen peroxide lightens your hair by lifting the hair cuticle and leaves holes and gaps in the shaft, plus makes the cuticle rough and dry to the touch. Moreover, hydrogen peroxide hair bleach penetrates deep into the hair shaft to strip the melanin and oxygen from your scalp and get the natural color out. This process can eventually blemish the hair cuticle, leading to frizz, split ends, and breakage. So, in this situation, go for deep conditioner treatments to help minimize damage to the hair cuticle.

Inflammation to the skin

If you don’t apply hydrogen peroxide properly on your hair, it can promote dermatitis and other types of skin inflammation. Moreover, it leads to scratching bumps, plagues, and rashes that are difficult to subdue. So, you must be careful while using hydrogen peroxide in the home – it is recommended to go to a professional hairstylist for dyeing your hair. Moreover, there are hundreds of tutorial videos on YouTube, so you can learn online how to give your hair a bleaching treatment with hydrogen peroxide at home. 

How to protect and treat hair damaged with hydrogen peroxide?

Do you know how to care for and nourish your hair properly after treating them with hydrogen peroxide? Here we’re giving you the most effective treatments to repair your damaged hair! Keep reading!

1st method: Get protein and moisture treatments

The essential factor to do when treating damaged and dyed hair is to retain its protein and moisture levels. You can go for products like hydrolyzed quinoa, Keratin, and eggs, as they can strengthen and nourish your hair and help speed up the healing process. Keratin is the most used solution that most salons offer for hydrogen peroxide hair damage among these products. This treatment holds ultra-moisturizing elements that can reduce frizz and unnecessary hair breakage. You can also go for serums, leave-in-conditioners, and multi-vitamins for strengthening your strands and replenish protein and moisture into your hair.

2nd method: Try nourishing hair masks at home

Hydrogen peroxide hair damage repair can be best done by using nourishing hair masks at home. Try these masks every once or twice a week! 

  • You can apply mayonnaise to your hair after bleaching it with hydrogen peroxide as it has beneficial effects on repairing your damaged hair. It is rich in oils, and amino acids, so it nourishes your hair effectively and naturally. Take a small portion of mayonnaise, apply it to your wet hair, and rinse after 15 minutes.
  • Create your hair mask at home by mixing one egg yolk with one ripe avocado. Apply it on your wet hair, massage with your fingertips, and then rinse after 15 minutes. The avocado mask gives deep conditioning to your damaged bleached hair. 
  • Take a ripe banana and mix it with some honey, yogurt, and castor oil, and then apply this mask to your roots for 30 minutes. This banana mask is rich in vitamins, proteins, and fibers that your damaged hair desperately needs.

3rd method: Get a professional shampoo from your hairdresser

You can get a protective shampoo from your hairdresser that is free from sulfates and parabens. As sulfate is a well-known component for drying out the hair, so you must avoid it if you’re suffering from hydrogen peroxide hair damage. Switch to a shampoo and conditioner that comes with hydrating and moisturizing ingredients like shea butter, honey, aloe vera, argan oil, and more. They give deep cleansing to your hair and hydrate your locks! 

4th method: Use protective formulas after applying hydrogen peroxide

  • You can massage with butter on your scalp as it can help treat damaged hair with hydrogen peroxide. This process can deeply moisturize your hair and give you feel lighter and shiner look. 
  • Eggs have been known as an effective remedy to treat hair since the 11th century. The egg yolk is very source of protein that your hair lacks if it has been damaged by hydrogen peroxide. Mix one egg with your regular shampoo and wash your hair with it; you’ll notice a significant difference in your hair’s moisture level after two weeks. 
  • Regularly give your hair a coconut, almond, or olive hair massage as it can prevent protein loss and enrich your hair with moisture and minerals.
Hydrogen Peroxide Hair Damage

5th method: Remember to adopt some good habits

Dyeing your hair with hydrogen peroxide is not the only reason that they become damaged – using too many heating appliances like a straightener or a hairdryer can also lead to damaged hair! It can make your hair more at risk of breakage and dryness and even cause damage in the long run. So, it would help if you refrained from using these heating tools, especially after newly bleached hair. Moreover, always try using clean water while washing your hair and after it, avoid over brushing wet hair as it might weaken the strands and inhibit hair growth. Further, give your hair regular trims and cuts from a professional hairstylist!

What are the alternatives to hydrogen peroxide? 

Hydrogen peroxide damages hair follicles, so many of us avoid using it on hair! Let’s discuss the alternative methods to hydrogen peroxide! 

1.    Go for a temporary hair color (ammonia-free hair dye)

Temporary hair colors are formulated without ammonia, and they don’t contain hydrogen peroxide – don’t lift your hair cuticle! These hair dyes are less permanent and can be a better option if you’re not ready to engage in a new hair shade. Moreover, they give you a variety of color options and wash out after just a few shampoos. One of the best leads is that they give you natural highlights, and the damage to your hair is minimal.

2.    Use Cinnamon hair lightener

Cinnamon can do wonders – it is more than spice up your food! It can lighten your hair as it is used in other various bleaching methods. You can use this ingredient on its own to gain lightening and overall highlights in your hair. 

Method for cinnamon hair bleach

Take four tablespoons of ground cinnamon, add some water, and mix it with some honey – you’ll get a paste of soft consistency. After washing and conditioning your hair, spread the cinnamon hair bleach evenly on your hair by using your fingers. Now gently comb your hair with a wide-tooth comb, cover them with a shower cap, and leave it on overnight. Rinse out in the morning and repeat this process until you get the desired shade of your hair. 

3.    Try henna hair dye

Hydrogen peroxide damages hair badly, so do you want to switch to a hair dye having no chemical at all? Go for a Henna hair dye as it is an excellent hair color option free from hydrogen peroxide. It comes from a plant and has been used for hundreds of years to lighten your hair color. It gives you natural highlights, particularly black hair to dark brown hair! 

How can you use it?

  • Take three tablespoons of henna powder and mix it with ½ cup of hot boiling water. Combine the mixture thoroughly into a paste and leave it overnight.
  • The next day, put the paste on your hair and cover it with a plastic cap to protect your clothing and scalp from being dyed.
  • Leave it for at least two to three hours, and then rinse thoroughly.

4.    Natural hair bleach

Many of us can’t risk our hair to bleach in salons as hydrogen peroxide damages hair, so here we’re giving you a method of making natural hair bleach! Yes, it’s true – you can make natural hair bleach in your home by using vinegar and honey. Honey holds a minor quantity of hydrogen peroxide in it that can help to lighten your hair. Mixing it with vinegar produces some acidity, and the mixture works as a natural bleaching agent! Let’s see the preparing process!

  • Take half a cup of untreated honey with 1/3 cup of vinegar and mix with two tablespoons of coconut oil; gently blend the ingredients.
  • Apply this mixture on your clean, dry hair, leave overnight, and then wash it in next morning. This process can magically work and help to boost the lightning effect into your hair. 

How to properly use hydrogen peroxide to lighten your hair?

The safest method to bleach your hair is from professional hairdressers, but this is quite expensive and time-consuming. But, if you genuinely want to do it by yourself – you must be extra careful while using hydrogen peroxide at home! 

Here is the guideline on how you can use hydrogen peroxide safely to bleach your hair and prevent from Hydrogen Peroxide Hair Damage:

Read our tips to use hydrogen peroxide to lighten your hair correctly!

Requirements to dye your hair with hydrogen peroxide

  • An old tee shirt or any old cloth to wear
  • Towel to cover around your neck and gloves to protect your hands
  • Toothbrush, sponge, small brush for applying, and claw or butterfly clips to isolate hair sections
  • Plastic shower cap to cover your head and aluminum foil for highlights
  • Bowl for making the mixture

Prep your hair for hair dye

  • Avoid any other hair treatments a week before you want to color your hair.
  • Stop using unnecessary chemicals on your hair like gel, hair spray, mouse, and heating tools.
  • Properly shampoo and condition your hair, then let it air dry before doing hair coloring. 
  • First, test a small section of your hair by applying hair dye and leave it for 10 minutes. Wash it with cold water, and you’ll get the idea about either you like the shade or not.

Lighten your hair with hydrogen peroxide

  • First, read the complete instructions of the product given on it and then start slowly!
  • Pour the hydrogen peroxide hair bleach in a bowl, separate your strands using a comb with a parting tool on one end. You can also section off your hair by using claw or butterfly clips, as this makes the best way to get a professional-looking hair dye job.
  • Cover your hairline by using a cotton strip or petroleum jelly, and wear your gloves. You’re ready to dye!
  • Now hold a toothbrush, dip it into the bowl of hydrogen peroxide, and apply it on the strands which are parting away with a comb. Continue this process until your whole hair gets covered with hair dye.
  • Leave it on for 20 minutes to an hour, and then rinse thoroughly with cold water. Coldwater can quickly get the peroxide out from your hair and won’t make them further dry. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

All Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q. How much time it takes for hydrogen peroxide to lighten hair?

Do you wonder,” how long do you leave hydrogen peroxide in your hair?” You can leave the hydrogen peroxide in your hair for about 30 minutes to an hour. The time depends on how dark your hair is or how light shade you want for your hair. Furthermore, it also depends on the thickness and integrity of your natural hair. Sometimes, hair dye may cause chemical irritation, so you should rinse your hair immediately in this condition.

Q. Is peroxide better than bleach for hair?

On one side, hydrogen peroxide is far better than some other products used to lighten your hair as it is a permanent method to alter your natural hair pigment. However, it’s not good for your hair as it is a strong chemical that may cause damage to your hair. We suggest you use alternative ways to hydrogen peroxide.

Q. Does hydrogen peroxide stop hair growth?

Hydrogen peroxide contains beta-catenin that damages the hair cuticle and leads to severe breakage and hair fall. Further, it can suppress hair growth as it erodes the strand naturally.


It’s well known for years that hydrogen peroxide has been used to alter the natural shade of the hair. The question arises, “Does hydrogen peroxide damage hair?” Although it looks fascinating to change the hair color, hydrogen peroxide damages hair follicles as a harsh chemical. It can damage the hair cuticle as it enters through it to change the natural shade. So, the cuticle damage can cause destruction and breakage of your hair. Hydrogen peroxide hair damage is most common in salons – in this article, you’ll get to know how to overcome this damage!